Monkey pox FAQ

Monkey pox FAQ

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT MONKEYPOX VIRUS

What is Monkeypox virus?

Monkeypox virus is a zoonotic virus (an animal virus that can be transmitted to human). It causes a disease that is similar to smallpox, but with a lower death rate and milder rash.

When was Monkeypox virus discovered?
It was first discovered in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1958 in monkeys and later discovered in humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970. The virus is now mainly found in the tropical rainforest of central Africa and west Africa.
In Nigeria, the recent monkeypox outbreak in Bayelsa and parts of southern Nigeria is the third in the nation’s history. There were a total of 3 recorded human cases previously in 1971 and 1978.On the 22nd of September, 2017, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control(NCDC) was notified of a case of suspected Monkeypox in an 11year old male patient who presented to Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital(NDUTH) in Yenogoa, Bayelsa State. Subsequently, other suspected cases have been reported from six other States, bringing the total number of suspected cases so far to 31 across 7 States- Bayelsa ,Rivers, Ekiti, Akwa Ibom,Lagos, Ogun and Cross River States. NO CASE HAS BEEN CONFIRMED but samples have been collected from each suspected case for laboratory confirmation. Results are still awaited. So far, there have been no deaths recorded. It is unlikely that many of the suspected cases are actually Monkeypox but all are investigated.

How is Monkeypox virus transmitted?
The virus can spread;
From animal-to-human by an animal bite or by direct contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids.
From human-to-human by both droplets respiration and contact with fomites(inanimate object capable of carrying infectious agents) from an infected person’s bodily fluids.
By direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids or cutaneous mucosal lesions of infected animals like monkeys, rats, squirrel and rodents.
By eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals

What are the symptoms of Monkeypox virus?
The symptoms include Inflammation of the lymph nodes, muscle pain, headache, fever, chills prior to emergence of rash.
NOTE: The major difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell while smallpox does not.
How do I prevent Monkeypox virus?
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or using an alcohol –based hand sanitizer.
Avoid contact with animals especially monkeys that could harbor virus including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs.
Avoid eating meat of inappropriately cooked animals.
Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk
Avoid contact with any material such as bedding that has been in contact with an infected animal or person.
Is there any vaccine for Monkeypox virus?
Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication in 1980.

What is the treatment?
There is currently no specific treatment to cure the disease.
To help control further spread of the virus, people that are suspected or confirmed to have the disease should be isolated from other patients and treated by health care workers using strict infection control precautions.

For positive feedback or further enquiries, please contact any of the following:
08034345740 08034903401 08171704442
Drug Information Centre, Pharmacy Department, National Orthopedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos.

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